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Weather Records Germany
Information as of: December 2018 | Data Source: DWD, own calculations

Parameter Value Location Date Remarks
Greatest temperature 40,3 °C
40,3 °C
40,2 °C
40,2 °C
40,2 °C
40,2 °C
17,9 °C
Kitzingen (BY)
Kitzingen (BY)
Gärmersdorf (Oberpfalz, BY)
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Freiburg
Zugspitze
05.07.2015
07.08.2015
27.07.1983
09.08.2003
13.08.2003
13.08.2003
15.07.1957
2 m above ground
Greatest monthly mean temperature,
summer
24,2 °C
25,7 °C
25,5 °C
Freiburg (BW)
Freiburg (BW)
Freiburg (BW)
June 2003
July 2006
August 2003
-
Hottest summer 19,7 °C Germany 2003 since 1755
Warmest winter 4,4 °C Germany 2006/07 since 1881
Lowest temperature -37,8 °C
-35,6 °C
Hüll (Niederbayern)
Zugspitze
12.02.1929
14.02.1940
2 m above ground
Coldest summer -
14,7 °C
14,7 °C
Germany 1816
1956
1913
since 1755
since 1881
since 1881
Coldest winter -
-5,5 °C
Germany 1829/30
1962/63
since 1755
since 1881
24-hour precipitation 312 mm Zinnwald (Ore Mountains) 12.-13.08.2002 06 to 06 UTC; Elbe Flooding
Greatest monthly precipitation 777 mm Stein (Kr. Rosenheim)
Oberreute (Kr. Lindau)
July 1954
May 1933
-
Greatest yearly precipitation 3503,1 mm Balderschwang (Allgäu) 1970 -
Greatest average precipitation (year) 2452 mm Balderschwang (Allgäu) 1961-90 own calculations
Least monthly precipitation 0 mm Barth (M.-Vorpommern) July 1994 Also at some other locations in Germany
Least yearly precipitation 209 mm Aseleben (TH) 1911 -
Maximum snow cover 780 cm Zugspitze 26.04.1980 on Zugspitzplatt
(Schneefernerhaus, 2650 m)
Latest snow cover
below 1000 m
6 cm
4 cm
3 cm
Oberstdorf
Kempten
Oberstdorf
02.06.1962
02.06.1962
17.06.1991
06 UTC
06 UTC
at 14:42 MESZ bei 0,6 °C
Greatest monthly sunshine duration 403 h Kap Arkona July 1994 -
Greatest yearly sunshine duration 2329 h
2321 h
Klippeneck
Karlsruhe
1959
2003
-
Greatest mean sunshine duration (year) 1918 h
1863 h
Zinnowitz
Klippeneck
1961-1990 -
own calculations
Lowest monthly sunshine duration 0 h
0 h
Steinberg (NI)
Gr. Inselsberg (TH)
December 1974
December 1965
-
Lowest yearly sunshine duration 929,1 h Ruhpolding (Bavaria) 1995 -
Lowest mean sunshine duration (year) 1159 h
1242 h
Ruhpolding
Freiburg/Elbe
1961-1990 -
-
Highest sea level air pressure 1060,8 hPa Greifswald (MV) 23.01.1907 -
Lowest sea level air pressure 954,4 hPa Menden (NI) 27.11.1983 -
Maximum wind gust 335 km/h
259 km/h
184 km/h
151 km/h
Zugspitze
Wendelstein
List/Sylt
Karlsruhe
12.06.1985
26.12.1999
03.12.1999
26.12.1999
-
Orkan "Lothar"
Orkan "Anatol"
Orkan "Lothar"
Greatest number of days with fog (year) 330 Brocken (Harz) 1958 1142 m
Greatest duration of fog 242 h Neuhaus/Rennweg from 07.05.1996 850 m; Thuringian Forest
Records - some remarks:
Temperature:
In order to find the place with the highest or lowest temperature ever recorded in a country, as many as possible measuring stations are required, as well as long and equal measuring periods and constant measuring conditions. Usually these conditions are not fulfilled. The values are based on different lengths and periods of measurement time series. Stations were relocated or the environmental conditions near the station changed. Stations that were formerly located on the outskirts of a city and surrounded by fields or meadows now may be surrounded by densely populated and industrial areas. The specific location of the station also plays an important role: location on a slope, location on a hill or in a valley. Extremely low temperatures can occur even in small terrain depressions, and are representative only for the immediate surroundings of the station. At the same time, a nearby town on whose district the station is located may experience completely different temperature conditions.

Wind:
It is immediately obvious that wind measuring conditions at different locations are hardly comparable. Wind measuring within cities is subject to the specific flow conditions caused by buildings. Similarly, topographical conditions (valleys, mountains) have very different effects on wind direction and speed. Usually the wind is measured at 10 meters above ground - even this requirement can not be met at all stations. The measuring principle should also be uniform: The wind peak value at the Zugspitze was obtained by a dynamic air speed indicator that was oriented parallel to the slope inclination. This measurement principle is otherwise not applicable.

Sunshine duration:
Astronomically, the maximum annual sunshine duration is exactly half a year (approx. 4383 h) in every place on earth. When measuring the sunshine duration, there should be no shading effects by buildings or trees. In low sun, however, a temporary shading in most places can rarely be avoided. The situation of the station is even more serious when it is in a (narrow) mountain or alpine valley.

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